THE SOCIAL SCIENCES, LAW AND THE HUMANITIES

PARTICIPANT BIOGRAPHIES


Symposium Introduction || Detailed Schedule of Events


SPEAKERS


Ricardo Benzaquen

Ricardo Benzaquen was born in 1952; he acquired (the equivalent of) a B.A. in History at the Catholic University in Rio de Janeiro and was then a graduate student in Social Anthropology at the Museu Nacional and at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro where he received a Master's Degree with a thesis on Brazilian Soccer and a Doctoral Degree with a dissertation on the intellectual production of Gilberto Freyre. He is currently Professor of Sociology at the Iuperj-UCAM (a prestigious research foundation) and Professor of History at the Catholic University of Rio. His research and teaching focus, above all, on the area of social thought in Brazil, and his chief publications are related to this topic. They deal with Totalitarianism and Revolution--the 'Integralismo' of Plinio Salgado (1988) and The Work of Gilberto Freyre in the 1930's (1994). He is now initiating a research project of Freyre's thought between the end of World War II and his death in 1987. Professor Benzaquen will be at the Center for Latin American Studies at Stanford giving a series of seminars on the subject of "Modernity and Social Sciences in Brazil" for the two weeks following his colloquium.


Niklas Damiris

Niklas Damiris is a natural philosopher investigating society as second nature. This allows him to recognize cultural phenomena like money, knowledge, communication, as sui genris dimensions. In other words, money, technology, etc., act as forces with their associated fields of influence, that both engender and constrain actual human socioeconomic existence. Damiris is trained as a scientist (Theoretical Biophysics). He worked for several years as a Research affiliate at Xerox (P.A.R.C.), and as consulting research scientist at A.R.L. (Advanced Research Laboratories) of Apple computer. While at Xerox he worked on the physics of computation as a member of the "Embedded Computation Area" group. At Apple he studied the role of embodiment in human-machine interactions; he was a member of the Discourse Architecture group. He is a researcher at the Laboratory for Monetary Research of the Swiss Banking Center. Currently he is also a visiting scholar at Stanford University where he is working on two closely related monographs: one on money and finance in the age of the internet and another on the information economy, entitled "Knowing the Corporation in the Age of Globalization."


Robert H. Frank

Robert H. Frank received his B.S. in mathematics from Georgia Tech in 1966, then taught mathematics and science for two years as a Peace Corps Volunteer in rural Nepal. He received his M.A. in statistics from the University of California at Berkeley in 1971, and his Ph.D. in economics in 1972, also from U.C. Berkeley. He currently holds a joint appointment as Professor of Economics in Cornell's Johnson Graduate School of Management and as Goldwin Smith Professor of Economics, Ethics, and Public Policy in Cornell's College of Arts and Sciences, where he has taught since 1972. During leaves of absence from Cornell, he served as chief economist for the Civil Aeronautics Board from 1978 to 1980 and was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford in 1992-93. His books include Choosing the Right Pond: Human Behavior and the Quest for Status (Oxford University Press, 1985), Passions Within Reason: The Strategic Role of the Emotions (W. W. Norton, 1988), and Microeconomics and Behavior (McGraw-Hill, 1991). The Winner-Take-All Society, co-authored with Philip Cook (The Free Press, 1995), received a Critic's Choice Award, was named a Notable Book of the Year by the New York Times, and was included in Business Week's list of the ten best books of 1995. His latest book, Luxury Fever: Why Money Fails to Satisfy in an Era of Excess, was published by The Free Press in January 1999.


Peter Goodrich

Peter Goodrich is Corporation of London Professor of Law, University of London, Birkbeck College, and Professor of Law at Cardozo School of Law, New York. His books include Languages of Law: From Logics of Memory to Nomadic Masks (1990); Legal Discourse: Studies in Linguistics, Rhetoric, and Legal Analysis (1992); Oedipus Lex: Psychoanalysis, History, Law (1995); Law in the Courts of Love: Literature and Other Minor Jurisprudences (1996); and as editor and translator, Law and the Unconscious: A Legendre Reader (1997).


Wlad Godzich

Wlad Godzich was born on May 13, 1945 in Germany and raised in France. He is a citizen of the US and of Canada, and a permanent resident of Switzerland. Godzich has held numerous Professorships in the United States and Canada. Since 1991 he has been Professor of English (Chair of Emergent Literatures), Comparative Literature, and European Studies at the University of Geneva. He has also held visiting appointments at the University of Silesia (Poland), the Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Harvard University, and the University of Zurich. He has been Director of the Comparative Literature Programme and then Department at the University of Minnesota, the MSID Programme in Dakar (SŽnŽgal), the Minnesota Centre for the Humanities, and the Office of Research Development (Consortium of Big Ten Universities). He is currently Director of the English Department at the University of Geneva, and Head of the Comparative Literature Programme. Godzich is the author of three published books: On the Emergence of Prose (Minnesota, 1987); Philosophie einer nicht-europŠischen Literaturkritik (Fink, 1989);The Culture of Literacy (Harvard University Press, 1994); and four forthcoming books: Leituras de Walter Benjamin (Rio de Janeiro: Edit. da UERJ),Aventuras del Sujeto (Valencia: C. F.C.B),Revisiting the Subject (Harvard University Press), and Living after the Death of Society (Beijing: Peking University Press) (in Chinese). He is also editor of eight collections of essays (literary theory, history of literature); translator of five books; and author of over sixty scholarly articles and over a hundred and thirty scholarly lectures and papers, read on five continents. He acts as consultant to many university presses and evaluators of university programmes in the US, Canada, and Europe, and is on the editorial board of nine journals. He has received numerous research grants from US, Canadian, Swedish, Swiss and private agencies. He was also Editor of the series "Theory and History of Literature" published by the University of Minnesota Press and, in part, by Manchester University Press since 1981 and is Editor of the series "Littérature d'émergence" published by Editions Zoé (Geneva).


Avner Greif

Avner Greif, professor in the department of Economics, Stanford University. He was visiting in Tokyo and Tel Aviv Universities, a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution, a Fellow at the Center for at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford, a Junior Fellow in the Institute for Policy Reform, Washington D.C., and held three scholarships in the "Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector" program at Maryland University. His main line of research relates to the role of institutions in the historical process of development in particular in the process of commercial expansion during the late medieval period. His work was published in various journals including the American Economic Review, Journal of Political Economy, and the Journal of Economic History. He is a MacArthur Foundation Fellow for 1998-2003.


David Harvey

David Harvey is Professor of Geography in the Johns Hopkins University, Senior Research Fellow, St Peter's College, Oxford, and Miliband Visiting Fellow, The London School of Economics and Political Science. He has worked on problems of methodology and philosophy of geography and has explored dialectical and Marxist ways of thinking as they relate to urbanization. His work has focussed on defining the relationship between political economic change in general and the processes of urbanization in the advanced capitalist countries in general. More recently he has broadened his emphasis to encompass questions of cultural change and environmental problems, most particularly as these relate to the urban and political economic foci of his previous work. This phase of his work has produced two important volumes: The Condition of Postmodernity (1989) - considered by the London Independent as one of the fifty most important works of nonfiction to be published since 1945 - and Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference (1996) which takes up the environmental questions with greater thoroughness. His current interests build upon previous work but try to deepen understandings of the questions of environmental justice, of alternative modes of urbanization, and of how to confront environmental issues in a progressive way. He plans to work more extensively on questions of uneven geographical development within a globalizing world (particularly as these are registered through conditions of labor). He is currently working on a book to be called Spaces of Hope in which questions of existing versus alternative forms of socio-geographical organization of life will be addressed. He has been the recipient of numerous awards including a Guggenheim Fellowship (1976), the Gill Memorial Prize of the Royal Geographical Society (London) in 1972 and the Outstanding Contributor Award of the Association of American Geographers in 1980. He was awarded the Anders Retzius Gold Medal of the Swedish Society of Anthropology and Geography in 1989, the Patron's Medal of the Royal Geographical Society of London in 1995 and the Vautrin Lud International Prize for Geography also in 1995.


Gary Hatfield

Gary Hatfield has worked at the interface of philosophy, psychology, and history of science for twenty-five years. He has pursued experimental studies of visual space perception, has translated Immanuel Kant's Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, and has written numerous essays on the historical interaction between philosophy and science, and on the historical and contemporary relations between philosophy and psychology. His study of major theories of seeing in German philosophy and psychology led to his 1990 book, The Natural and Normative: Theories of Spatial Perception from Kant to Helmholtz. Hatfield has also published co-authored articles in the Journal of Experimental Psychology and Perception and Psychophysics, and the Psychological Bulletin (all with William Epstein). Upon receiving his PhD in 1979 he taught philosophy at Harvard and Johns Hopkins before being appointed to Penn in 1987. Recently Hatfield has been studying the origin of psychology as a natural science. Conventionally, it is said that scientific psychology came into existence in the latter part of the nineteenth century, unlike sciences such as physics and astronomy, which trace their roots to antiquity. Hatfield has shown that when new experimental techniques were developed in the mid nineteenth century in psychology, they were applied to a body of theory and empirical observation that had become organized as psychological science in the mid eighteenth century, and that could trace its roots to Aristotle. Hatfield is now investigating the relation between neuroscience and psychology. He argues that study of the mind in its own right holds the key to understanding the brain.


Jochen Hörisch

Jochen Hörisch (born 1951) studied literature, history, and philosophy at Duesseldorf, Paris, and Heidelberg. From 1976 to 1988 he was Assistant and Professor of German Literature at the University of Duesseldorf. Since 1988 he has been Professor of German Literature and Media-Analysis at the University of Mannheim. He was Visiting Professor at Paris (Ecole Normale Superieure), Charlottesville, and Princeton. He has published Gott, Geld und Glueck -- Zur Logik der Liebe in den Bildungsromanen (1983), Die Wut des Verstehens--Zur Kritik der Hermeneutik (1988), Brot und Wein -- Die Poesie des Abendmahls (1992), Kopf oder Zahl -- Die Poesie des Geldes (1996, English translation forthcoming from Wayne University Press), and Das Ende der Vorstellung -- Die Poesie der Medien (1999).


Richard Posner

The Honorable Richard Posner entered law teaching in 1968 at Stanford as an associate professor after graduating from Yale College and Harvard Law School and serving in several government posts in Washington. He became professor of law at the University of Chicago Law School in 1969, where he remained (later as Lee and Brena Freeman Professor of Law) until he became a judge. During this period he wrote a number of books (including Antitrust Law: An Economic Perspective, Economic Analysis of Law--now in its fifth edition--and The Economics of Justice) and many articles (a number of these in collaboration with the economist William Landes). He founded the Journal of Legal Studies, primarily to encourage economic analysis of law, and was a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He became a Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in 1981 and Chief Judge in 1993. He continues to teach part time at the University of Chicago Law School, where he is Senior Lecturer, and to write academic articles and books. He has written 30 books and some 300 articles and book reviews. His recent books include Overcoming Law (1995), a revised and enlarged edition of Law and Literature (1998), and The Problematics of Moral and Legal Theory (1999). His current academic research includes work on judicial administration, evidence, intellectual property, the economics and public policy of health, citations analysis, and jurisprudence and moral theory. Posner is a member of the American Law Institute, the Mont Pelerin Society, and the Century Association, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, an Honorary Bencher of the Inner Temple, and a corresponding fellow of the British Academy, as well as a member of the American Economic Association and the American Law and Economics Association (of which he was President in 1995-1996). He was the honorary President of the Bentham Club of University College, London, for 1998, and along with Orley Ashenfelter is the first editor of the American Law and Economics Review, the journal of the American Law and Economics Association, which will publish its first issue in the fall of 1999.

See the excerpt from "Past-Dependeny, Pragmatism, and Critique of History in Adjudication and Legal Scholarship," the talk he will be giving at the Symposium.


Joseph Raz

Joseph Raz was lecturer, then tenured senior lecturer, at The Hebrew University in Jerusalem, 1967-72. Fellow and tutor in law, Balliol College, and CUF lecturer at Oxford University, 1972-85; professor of the philosophy of law, Oxford University, and fellow of Balliol College since 1985. Has been a visiting professor at Rockefeller University, Australian National University, University of California at Berkeley, University of Toronto, University of Southern California, Yale Law School, and University of Michigan, and a Visiting Mellon Fellow at Princeton University. He teaches legal, moral, and political philosophy. His publications include: The Authority of Law (1979), The Concept of a Legal System (2nd ed., 1980), The Morality of Freedom (1986), Practical Reason and Norms (2nd ed., 1990), and Ethics in the Public Domain (revised paperback edition, 1995). The Morality of Freedom won the W.J.M. Mackenzie Book Prize, from the Political Studies Association of the United Kingdom and The Elaine and David Spitz Book Prize from the conference for the Study of Political Thought, NY.


Charles Rosen

Charles Rosen's endeavors reflect a synthesis of performing musician, scholar, writer and lecturer. First and foremost, however, he remains a distinguished pianist, internationally acclaimed for his performances and for his recordings on major labels of a diverse repertoire ranging from Bach to Elliott Carter. Particularly renowned for his interpretations of Beethoven and the Romantic repertoire -- music of Chopin, Schumann and Liszt, Mr. Rosen inherited the great Romantic piano tradition from his teachers Moriz Rosenthal, a pupil of Liszt, and Hedwig Kanner, a pupil of Leschetizky. He made his critically acclaimed New York debut in 1951, the same year in which he made his first recording -- the world premiere disk of Debussy's Etudes, and received his doctorate in French literature from Princeton University. Mr. Rosen's highly regarded books include two volumes that are considered classics: The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, which received a National Book Award; and The Romantic Generation: Music 1827-1850, an expanded version of his Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard University, which was awarded the 1996 Kinkeldey Citation of the American Musicological Society as the year's outstanding work of musical scholarship. Mr. Rosen's most recent volume is Romantic Poets, Critics and Other Madmen -- published in 1998. Charles Rosen has held distinguished chairs and visiting professorships at leading universities in the United States and abroad, including Harvard, the University of Chicago, Oxford, and the University of California. The most recent of his awards are an honorary Doctor of Music degree from Cambridge University and the George Peabody Medal for Outstanding Contributions to Music in America from the Peabody Institute of The Johns Hopkins University.


Denise Schmandt-Besserat

Denise Schmandt-Besserat graduated from the Ecole du Louvre, Paris. She is Professor of Art and Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Texas at Austin. Her field is the art and archaeology of the ancient Near East. In her research, Schmandt-Besserat has focused on the origin of writing and mathematics. Her publications include How Writing Came About (University of Texas Press, 1996); Before Writing (2 vols) (University of Texas Press, 1992) and numerous articles in major scholarly publications (including Science, American Journal of Archaeology, Scientific American, and Archaeology). Presently she conducts research on Neolithic symbolism at the site of Ain Ghazal, near Amman, Jordan (http://menic.utexas.edu/menic/ghazal). Schmandt-Besserat has held numerous Fellowships and Visiting Professorships both in the United States and abroad. She has also served on the governing board of the Archaeological Institute of America, 1984-1990; and as advisory editor of Technology and Culture; Visible Language and Written Communication. Schmandt-Besserat has been cited Outstanding Woman in the Humanities by the American Association of University Women. She received the Holloway teaching award; the Eugene Kayden Press Book Award, and the Hamilton Book Award.


Elizabeth Spelke

Elizabeth Spelke's is Professor in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research probes the origins, development, and nature of human knowledge of space, number, and material objects. She has contributed to understanding of the perceptual and cognitive capacities of human infants, including infants' abilities to relate what they see to what they hear, to represent hidden objects, to reason in distinctive ways about inanimate object motion and human action, and to apprehend numerical and geometrical properties of the environment. She also has explored how distinct, early-developing cognitive systems interact to support new systems of knowledge in children and adults.

R. Bin Wong

R. Bin Wong, Professor of History and Social Sciences at the University of California-Irvine, is an historian of China. With a B.A. (Economics) from the University of Michigan and M.A. (East Asian Studies ) and Ph.D. (History) from Harvard University, he spent three years as a Junior Fellow in the Society of Fellows at the University of Michigan before moving to UC Irvine in 1985. He has held visiting research and teaching appointments at the Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences; Institute of Modern History and the Institute for Social Sciences and Philosophy, Academia Sinica; Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo; and the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. His research covers a range of topics in economic, social, cultural and political history. He has published articles in the United States, China, France, Holland, Japan and Taiwan. His most recent books are China Transformed (Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience) (Cornell U. Press 1997, Chinese edition Jiangsu renmin chubanshe 1998, Japanese translation in progress) and the co-edited volume Culture and State in Chinese History: Conventions, Accommodations, and Critiques (Stanford U. Press 1997). Currently he is researching China's late imperial political economy and pursuing collaborative projects comparing Chinese and European patterns of economic development and comparing Chinese, Japanese and Ottoman state transformations.





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