Robert Putnam
Stanford Humanities Center



Books || Articles and Chapters || Op-Eds


American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2010.

The Age of Obama (co-written with Tom Clark and Edward Fieldhouse). Manchester University Press, 2010.

Better Together: Restoring the American Community (with Lewis M. Feldstein). New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003.

Translation into French (Paris: Armand Colin, 2007) and Japanese (Tokyo: Toyo Shoten, 2010).

Book cover of: "American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us"
Book cover for: "The Age of Obama: The Changing Place of Minorities in British and American Society"
Book cover of: "Better Together: Restoring the American Community"


Democracies in Flux: The Evolution of Social Capital in Contemporary Society (edited by Robert D. Putnam). Oxford University Press, 2002.

Published in German (Verlag Bertelsmann Stiftung, 2001) and Spanish (2003).

Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.

Translations into Swedish (Stockholm: SNS, 2001); Spanish (Barcelona: Galaxia Gutenberg, 2002); Italian (Bologna: Il Mulino, 2004); Japanese (Tokyo: Kashiwashobo, 2006); Chinese (Peking University Press, 2006); Estonian (Tallinn: Hermes, 2007); Polish (Warsaw: Wydawnictwa Akademickie I Profesjonalne, 2008); Serbian (Novi Sad: Mediterran, 2008), Korean (Seoul: Paperroad Publishers, 2008).

Dissafected Democracies: What’s Troubling the Trilateral Countries? (with Susan J. Pharr).
Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Book cover of "Democracies in Flux: The Evolution of Social Capital in Contemporary Society"
Book cover of "Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community"
Book cover of "Dissafected Democracies: What's Troubling the Trilateral Countries?"

Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy (with Robert Leonardi and Raffaella Nannetti). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Published in Italian as La tradizione civica nelle regioni italiane (Milano: Mondadori, 1993); in Spanish (Caracas, Venezuela: Galac, 1994; Quito, Ecuador: CORDES, 2000 [abridged]); Swedish (Stockholm: SNS, 1995); Polish (Krakow, Poland: ZNAK, 1995); Portuguese (Río de Janeiro: Editora FGV, 1996 & 2005); Russian (Moscow: Moscow School of Political Science, 1996); Catalan (Barcelona, Spain: Edicions Proa SA, 1998); Korean (Seoul: Pak Young Publishing, 2000); Romanian (Bucharest: TREI, 2000); Ukrainian (Kiev: Osnovy, 2000); Japanese (Tokyo: NTT Shuppan 2001); Chinese (Beijing: Jiangxi People’s Publishing House, 2001); Lithuanian (Kaina: Atviros Lietuvos Knyga, 2001); Farsi (Tehran, 2001); Croatian (Zagreb: Faculty of Political Science at Zagreb University, 2003); Georgian (Tblisi, 2005); Arabic (Cairo: Arabic Book Program, 2007); Armenian (Yerevan: Academy for Educational Development, 2007).

Double-Edged Diplomacy: International Bargaining and Domestic Politics (with Peter B. Evans and Harold K. Jacobson ). University of California Press, 1993.

Hanging Together: Cooperation and Conflict in the Seven-Power Summits (with Nicholas Bayne). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1984; revised and enlarged edition, 1987.

Revised and updated editions in German, Weltwirtschaftsgipfel im Wandel (Bonn: Europa Union Verlag, 1985); Japanese, The Seven-Power Summits (Tokyo: TBS-Britannica, 1986); Italian, Sovrani ma interdipendenti: I vertici dei paesi più industrializzati (Bologna: Il Mulino, 1987); and English, Hanging Together: Conflict and Cooperation in the Seven-Power Summits (London: Sage, and Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1988).

Book cover of "Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy"
Book cover of "Double-Edged Diplomacy: International Bargaining and Domestic Politics"
Book cover of "Hanging Together: Cooperation and Conflict in the Seven-Power Summits"


Effetto Regione: Istituzionalizzazione e Cambiamento in Basilicata [The Regional Effect: Institutionalization and Change in Basilicata] (with Robert Leonardi and Raffaella Y. Nanetti). Bologna: Il Mulino, 1987.

La Pianta e le Radici: Il Radicamento dell’Istituto Regionale nel Sistema Politico Italiano [The Plant and its Roots: The Implantation of Regional Governmentin the Italian Political System] (with Robert Leonardi and Raffaella Y. Nanetti). Bologna: Il Mulino, 1985.

Bureaucrats and Politicians in Western Democracies (with Joel D. Aberbach and Bert A. Rockman). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981.

The Comparative Study of Political Elites. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1976.

The Beliefs of Politicians: Ideology, Conflict, and Democracy in Britain and Italy. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1973.

Book cover of "Bureaucrats and Politicians in Western Democracies"
Book cover of "The Comparative Study of Political Elites"
Book cover of "The Beliefs of Politicians: Ideology, Conflict, and Democracy in Britain and Italy"


Selected Articles and Book Chapters

“Political Attitudes and the Local Community,” American Political Science Review LX (September 1966), pp. 640-654. Reprinted in Betty H. Zisk (ed.) American Political Interest Groups: Readings in Theory and Research (Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1969); in Fred W. Grupp, Jr. , and Marvin Maurer (eds.), Political Behavior in the United States: Readings in American Government (Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1972); in the Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series in Politicsand Government (Bobbs-Merrill, 1973), and in Gerald Eberlein (ed.), Multilevel Analysis (Reidel Publishing Company, 1978).

“Towards Explaining Military Intervention in Latin American Politics,” World Politics XX (October 1967), pp. 83-110. Reprinted in Jason Finkle and Richard W. Gable (eds.), Political Development and Social Change (Wiley, revised edition, 1971); in the Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series in Politics and Government (Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1973); in Abraham F. Lowenthal (ed.) Armies and Politics in Latin America (Homes & Meier, 1976); and in Ikuo Kabashima and LynnWhite, III (eds.), Political System and Change (Princeton University Press, 1986).

“Studying Elite Political Culture: The Case of ‘Ideology,’”American Political Science Review LXV (September 1971) pp. 651-681. Reprinted in Giuseppe Di Palma(ed.), Politics in Industrialized Societies (Markham, 1972); in Allen R. Wilcox (ed.), Public Opinion and Political Attitudes: A Reader (John Wiley & Sons, 1973); in the Bobbs-Merrill Reprint Series in Politics and Government (Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1973); in Warner Modular Publications Reprint Series in Political Science (1974); and in Richard Rose (ed.), Studies in British Politics (London: Macmillan, 1976).

“The Political Attitudes of Senior Civil Servants in Western Europe: A Preliminary Report,” British Journal of Political Science, vol. 3 (July 1973), pp. 257-290. Reprinted in translation as “Atteggiamenti Politici dell’Alta Burocrazia nell’Europa Occidentale,” Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, vol. 3 (1973), pp. 145-186. Abridged version reprinted in New Society (London), vol. 27 (10 January 1974), pp. 63-65. Reprinted in whole in Warner Modular Publications Reprint Series inPolitical Science (1974). Revised version reprinted in Mattei Dogan (ed.), The Political Role of Top Civil Servants: The New Mandarins (Sage Publications, 1975), and in translation as “Die politischen Einstellungen der Ministerialbeamten in Westeuropa,” Politische Vierteljahresschrift vol. 17 (March 1976), pp. 23-61.

“The Italian Communist Politician,” in Donald L. M. Blackmer and Sidney Tarrow, (eds.), Communism in Italy and France (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975). Reprinted in translation as “Politica e Ideologia dei Dirigenti Comunisti Italiani,” Il Mulino XXIII, n. 232 (March-April. 1974), pp. 178-218.

“Bureaucrats and Politicians: Contending Elites in the Policy Process,” in Perspectives on Public Policy-Making, William B. Gwyn and George C. Edwards, III (eds.), New Orleans: Tulane University Studies in Political Science, vol. 15 (1975), pp. 179-202.

“Italian Foreign Policy: The Emergent Consensus,” in Howard B. Penniman (ed.), Italy at the Polls: The Parliamentary Election of 1976 (Washington, D.C. : American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1977), pp. 287-326.

“Elite Transformation in Advanced Industrial Societies: An Empirical Assessment of the Theory of Technocracy,” Comparative Political Studies, vol. 10 (October1977), pp. 383-412.

“Interdependence and the Italian Communists,” International Organization, vol. 32 (Spring 1978), pp. 301-349.

“Attitude Stability among Italian Elites,” American Journal of Political Science, vol. 23 (August 1979), pp. 463-494 (with Robert Leonardi and Raffaella Nanetti).

“Le regioni ‘misurati,’” Il Mulino, vol. 24, n. 268 (March-April, 1980), pp. 217-243 (with Robert Leonardi and Raffaella Nanetti).

“Devolution as a Political Process: The Case of Italy,” Publius (Winter 1981), pp. 95-117 (with Robert Leonardi and Raffaella Nanetti).

“Sul rendimento delle istituzioni: il caso dei governi regionali italiani,” Rivista Trimestrale del Diritto Pubblico, (Rome: 1981, vol. 2) (with Robert Leonardi, Raffaella Nanetti, and Franco Pavoncello).

“L’evaluation de lactivite regionale: le cas italien,” Pouvoirs, (Paris: 1981, vol. 19, pp. 39-58) (with Robert Leonardi, Raffaella Nanetti, and Franco Pavoncello).

“L’istituzionalizzazione delle Regioni in Italia,” Le Regioni (Milan), vol. 10 (November-December, 1982), pp. 1078-1107 (with Robert Leonardi and Raffaella Nanetti).

“Explaining Institutional Success: The Case of Italian Regional Government,” American Political Science Review, vol. 77 (March 1983), pp. 55-74. (with RobertLeonardi, Raffaella Nanetti, and Franco Pavoncello).

“I Vertici dei Paesi Industrializzati,” Affari Esteri, vol. XV, n. 60 (Autumn, 1983) (with Antonio Badini).

“Summit Sense,” Foreign Policy, no. 55 (Summer, 1984), pp. 73-91.

“The Western Economic Summits: A Political Interpretation,” in Western Summits and Europe: Rivalry, Cooperation, and Partnership, Cesare Merlini (ed.)(London: Croon Helm, 1984).

“The Lessons of Western Summitry,” in Global Dilemmas, Samuel P. Huntington and Joseph S. Nye, eds. (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1985), pp. 3-22.

“Der zweite Bonner Weltwirtschaftsgipfel,” in Europa Archiv, vol. 40, no. 8 (April 1985), pp. 233-242.

“Italian Politics and Foreign Policy from Moro to Craxi,” Foreign Policy and Defense Review, vol. 6 (July 1986), pp. 13-21.

“I rapporti Europa-Stati Uniti negli anni ’80: una prospettiva americana,” in Il Dialogo con gli Stati Uniti e il Malessere Europeo, Paolo Foresti, ed. (Bologna: Il Mulino, 1986), pp. 35-48.

“Samuel P. Huntington: An Appreciation,” PS, vol. 19 (Fall 1986).

“The Management of Regional Policies: Endogenous Explanations of Performance,” in Subnational Politics in the 1980s: Organization, Reorganization and Economic Development, Louis A. Picard and Raphael Zariski, eds. (New York: Praeger, 1987), pp. 103-118 (with Raffaella Y. Nanetti and Robert Leonardi).

“Indagini sul governo regionale del Friuli-Venezia Giulia,” in La Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Arduino Agnelli and Sergio Bartole, eds. (Bologna: Il Mulino, 1987), pp. 499-563. (with Robert Leonardi and Raffaella Y. Nanetti).

“Italy -- Territorial Politics in the Post-War Years: The Case of Regional Reform,” in Tensions in Territorial Politics of Western Europe, R. A. W. Rhodes andVincent Wright, eds. (London: Frank Cass, 1987), pp. 88-107. (with Robert Leonardi and Raffaella Y. Nanetti).

“Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games,” International Organization, vol. 41, no. 3 (Summer, 1988), pp. 427-460. Reprinted as “Diplomazia e politica interna: La logica dei giochi a due livelli,” Quaderni (Istituto per gli studi di politica internazionale, Milano, July 1988), no. 6.

“Institutional Performance and Political Culture: Some Puzzles about the Power of the Past,” Governance, vol. 1, no. 3 (July 1988), pp. 221-242. Reprinted as “Rendimento istituzionale e cultura politica: qualche interrogativo sul potere del passato,” Polis (Bologna) vol. 2, no. 3 (December 1988), pp. 483-508.

“The Bonn Summit of 1978: A Case Study in Coordination,” in Can Nations Cooperate? [by] Richard N. Cooper et al. (Washington, D.C. : The Brookings Institution, 1989), pp. 12-140 (with C. Randall Henning).

“The Changing Role of the Summit in the International Political Economic Structure,” Diplomatic Forum (June 1989) (in Japanese).

“Per rivitalizzare la democrazia americana,” Queste istituzioni (Rome), XX, n. 90-91 (1992), pp. 40-49.

“Two-Level Games: The Impact of Domestic Politics on Transatlantic Bargaining,” in America and Europe in an Era of Change, Helga Haftendorn and ChristianTuschhoff, eds. (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993), pp. 69-83.

“Democracy, Development, and the Civic Community: Evidence from an Italian Experiment,” in Culture and Development in Africa, Ismail Serageldin and JuneTaboroff, eds. (Proceedings of an International Conference held at the World Bank, Washington, D. C. , April 2-3, 1992), vol. 1, pp. 29-76. [Extracted from Robert D. Putnam, Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).]

“The Prosperous Community: Social Capital and Public Life,” The American Prospect, no. 13 (Spring 1993), pp. 35-42. Reprinted in Foundations of Social Capital, Elinor Ostrom and T. K. Ahn, eds. (Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2003); in The American Prospect Reader in American Politics, Walter Dean Burnham, ed. (Chatham, N. J. : Chatham House Publishers, 1995); in Sources: Notable Selections in Sociology, Kurt Finsterbusch and Janet S. Schwartz, eds. (Dushkin Publishing Group, 1995); in Swedish in Politikens Väsen [The Essence of Politics: Ideas and Institutions in the Modern State], Björn vonSydow, Gunnar Wallin, and Björn Wittrock, eds. (Stockholm: Tidens förlag, 1993); in Russian in The World Economy and International Relations Journal (March 1995); in Spanish in Sociedad Civil: Análisi y Debates vol. 1, pp. 9-23 (Mexico City, Spring 1997); and in Japanese in Handbook of Political Psychology, Junichi Kawata and Yoshinobu Araki, ed. (Tokyo: Hokuju Publisher, 2003). Excerpted in Wingspread Journal vol. 17 (Racine, WI: JohnsonFoundation, 1995), pp. 4-7.

“Celebrators of the Status Quo: Reflections on the Study of Politics in the 1990s,” Clio, vol. 3, no. 1 (Fall & Winter, 1992/1993), pp. 1-3.

“What Makes Democracy Work?” National Civic Review (Spring, 1993), pp. 101-107.

“Institutional Change in Italy: The First Two Decades,” in Responsible Governance: The Global Challenge (Essays in honor of Charles E. Gilbert), John W. Harbeson, Raymond F. Hopkins, and David G. Smith, eds. (New York: University Press of America, 1994), pp. 121-176. [Extracted from Robert D. Putnam, Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).]

“Western Summitry in the 1990s: American Perspectives,” International Spectator, vol. 29, no. 2 (April-June 1994), pp. 81-93. Also published in Italian as “Passato e presente dei vertici: le posizioni dell’amministrazione Clinton,” in Il Vertice dei Sette, Guido Garavoglia and Cesare Merlini, eds. (Milano: Franco Angeli, 1994), pp. 95-110.

Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital,” Journal of Democracy, vol. 6 , no. 1 (January 1995), pp. 65-78. Reprinted in revised form as “BowlingAlone, Revisited” in The Responsive Community, , vol. 5, no. 2 (Spring 1995), pp. 18-33. Reprinted in Sources: Notable Selections in Sociology, Kurt Finsterbusch and Janet Schwartz, eds. (Brown and Benchmark: Guilford, CT, 1995) and Sociological Footprints, Jeanne Ballantine, ed. (Wadsworth: Belmont, California, 1996). Excerpted in National Voter (League of Women Voters) 45 (September/October 1995), pp. 9-11; American Association for Higher Education Bulletin 48 (September 1995), pp. 3-6; The American Legion (American Legion) 139 (November 1995), pp. 27, 70, 75; Friendly Exchange (Farmers Insurance Group) (Winter 1995); Wingspread Journal (Johnson Foundation) 17 (Autumn 1995), pp. 4-7; People (September 25, 1995), pp. 125-128; MacNeil-Lehrer Newshour; NPR “Soundprint; NPR “Morning Edition.” Longer version appears in Participation East and West: Comparisons and Interpretations, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, Marilyn Rueschemeyer, and Bjorn Wittrock, eds. (ME Sharpe: Armonk, New York: 1998).

“Introduction: The G7 Summit Comes of Age,” in The Halifax G7 Summit: Issues on the Table, Sylvia Ostry and Gilbert Winham, eds. (Toronto: 1995) (with Sir Nicholas Bayne).

“Tuning In, Tuning Out: The Strange Disappearance of Social Capital in America,” in P. S. : Political Science and Politics, vol. 28, no. 4 (December 1995), pp. 1-20. Reprinted in Foundations of Social Capital, Elinor Ostrom and T. K. Ahn, eds. (Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2003); and in abridged form in “The Strange Disappearance of Civic America,” The American Prospect (Winter 1996), pp. 34-48.

“A Generation of Loners?” The World in 1996 (London: The Economist, 1995), p. 62.

“Economic Growth and Social Capital in Italy” Eastern Economic Journal, vol. 21, no. 3 (1995), pp. 295-307 (with John Helliwell).

“What’s Troubling the Trilateral Democracies?” [Die Probleme der trilateralen Demokratien] in How Can Democracy Survive?, Werner Weidenfeld, ed. (Guterslöh: Bertelsmann: 1996).

Foreword for volume on social capital, Housing Policy Debate, vol. 9, no. 1 (1998).

“The Growth of Voluntary Associations in America, 1840-1940,” Journal of Interdisciplinary History, vol. 29 (Spring 1999), pp. 511-557 (with Gerald Gamm).

“Rebuilding the Stock of Social Capital,” School Administrator (September 1999), pp. 28-33 (with Thomas H. Sander).

“Civic Disengagement in America,” Government and Opposition, vol. 36 (Spring 2001), pp. 1-22.

“Social Capital: Measurement and Consequences,” Isuma: Canadian Journal of Policy Research, vol. 2 (Spring 2001), pp. 41-51. http: //www. isuma. net/v02n01/putnam/putnam_e. pdf

“Community-Based Social Capital and Educational Performance,” in Making Good Citizens: Education and Civil Society, Diane Ravitch and Joseph Viteritti, eds. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002).

“Bowling Together: The United State of America,” The American Prospect, vol. 13 (February 11, 2002), pp. 20-22. Reprinted with postscript in United We Serve: National Service and the Future of Citizenship, E. J. Dionne Jr., Kayla Meltzer Drogosz, and Robert E. Litan, eds. (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2003).

“Reviving Community: What Policy-Makers Can Do to Build Social Capital in Britain and America,” Renewal: A Journal of Labour Politics, vol. 10, no. 2 (Spring 2002) (with Andrew K. Leigh).

“APSA Presidential Address: The Public Role of Political Science,” Perspectives on Politics, vol. 1 (June 2003), pp. 249-255.

“Women’s Status and Social Capital across the States,” (Washington, D.C.: Institute for Women’s Policy Research, July 2002). (with Amy Caiazza). Also publishedas “Women’s Status and Social Capital in the United States,” Journal of Women, Politics, and Policy, vol. 27 (2005).

“Education, Diversity, Social Cohesion and ‘Social Capital’,” paper delivered at the meeting of OECD Education Ministers on “raising the quality of education forall,” (Dublin, Ireland: March 18, 2004).

“Commentary: ‘Health by Association’: Some Comments,” International Journal of Epidemiology 33 (July 2004), pp. 1–4.

“The Social Context of Well-Being,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (London), Series B, 359 (31 August 2004), pp. 1435-1446 (with John Helliwell). Reprinted in The Science of Well-being, edited by Felicia Huppert, Nick Baylis, and Barry Keverne (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).

“Answering ‘Mother-in-Law’ Questions Can Move the Discipline Forward,” Perspectives on Politics, vol. 3 (2005), pp. 313-314.

“1996: The Civic Enigma.” The American Prospect, June 2005, p. 33.

“Education and Social Capital,” Eastern Economics Journal, vol. 33 (2007), pp. 1-19 (with John Helliwell).

E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the 21st Century: The 2006 Johan Skytte Prize Lecture,Scandinavian Political Studies, 30 (June 2007), pp. 137-174.

“Is America Becoming a more Class-Based Society?” in Gary King, Kay Schlozman, and Norman Nie, eds., The Future of Political Science: 100 Perspectives, New York: Routledge Press, 2009), pp. 158-59.

“Diversity, Social Capital, and Immigrant Integration: Introductory Remarks,” National Civic Review 98 (Spring 2009), pp. 3-5.


“Striving for Tocqueville’s America,” Los Angeles Times (June 4, 1990).

“The Dawn of an Old Age? Why America May Be Ready for a New Progressive Era,” The Washington Post (June 23, 1991) (with William B. Parent).

“La Dolce Vita is Finally Over,” The Independent (London) (March 10, 1993).

“Americorpse? We Need National Service,” New York Times (March 24, 1995).

“A Generation of Loners?” The Economist (The World in 1996) (December 1, 1995).

“Picnics and Memorial Day,” Knight Ridder News Service (May 27, 2000).

“Closing The Divide: Turning Virtual Communities Into Real Ones,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer (June 25, 2000).

“The Country’s Great Challenge: Enticing the Young to the Voting Booth,” Boston Globe (August 10, 2000) (with David Campbell).

“Join the Team,” USA Today Weekend (August 25, 2000).

“It’s About Time; Who Has Time to Enjoy Family Life, Connect with the Community or Be an Active Citizen?” The San Francisco Chronicle (September 24, 2000) (with Kristin Goss).

“Americans May Yet Be Inspired by a Campaign Based on Ideals,” San Jose Mercury News (November 12, 2000) (with David Campbell).

“America after the Election,” Le Monde (November 30, 2000) (with Thad Williamson).

“Picking Up the Pieces: What Bush Needs to Do Now - Restore Faith in Civic Action,” Newsday (May 17, 2000) (with Kristin Goss).

“Let’s Play Together,” The Observer (London) (March 25, 2001).

“A Better Society in a Time of War,” The New York Times (October 19, 2001).

“Walking the Civic Talk after 9/11,” Christian Science Monitor (February 19, 2002) (with Tom Sander).

“American Civic Life after September 11th,” Hankookibo-Korea Times (Seoul) (August 6, 2002) (with Tom Sander).

“Will Bush Stand by Volunteers Who Heeded His Call?” Los Angeles Times (September 24, 2003).

“A Nation of Doers Needs to Do More,” Philadelphia Inquirer (December 3, 2004) (with John M. Bridgeland).

“September 11th as Civics Lesson,” Washington Post (September 10, 2005) (with Tom Sander).

“Wanted: A leader for Harvard,” Boston Globe (March 5, 2006).

“You Gotta Have Friends,” Time (July 3, 2006), p. 36.

“Let’s Get Connected,” Time (September 18, 2006), p. 22 (with John Bridgeland).

“Rallies, Not Riots,” Boston Globe (December 31, 2006).

“The Rebirth of American Civic Life,” Boston Globe (March 3, 2008).

“The Growing Class Gap,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (April 20, 2008) (with Lara Putnam).

“How Joblessness Hurts Us All,” USA Today (December 10, 2009) (with Tom Sander).

A Better Welcome for Our Nation’s Immigrants,” Washington Post (July 3, 2010) (with Jeb Bush).

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