Presidential Lecture Series
Kwame Anthony Appiah
Stanford Humanities Center




The Ethics of Identity

The Ethics of Identity. Princeton: Princeton University Press, Forthcoming, Dec. 2004.

Thinking It Through: An Introduction to Contemporary Philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Africana: The Concise Desk Reference. edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Philadelphia, Running Press, 2003.

Kosmpolitische Patriotismus. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 2002.

Bu Me Be: The Proberbs of the Akan

Bu Me Bé: The Proverbs of the Akan. With Peggy Appiah, and with the assistance of Ivor Agyeman-Duah. Accra: The Center for Intellectual Renewal, 2002.

Na casa de meu pai: a África na filosofia da cultura. (Brazilian Edition) Rio de Janeiro: Contraponto Editora, 1997.

Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race. With Amy Gutman, introduction by David Wilkins. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.

In My Father's House

In My Father's House: Africa in the Philosophy of Culture. London: Methuen, 1992; New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Necessary Questions: An Introduction to Philosophy
. New York: Prentice-Hall/Calmann & King, 1989.

For Truth in Semantics
. Oxford: Blackwell's, 1986.

Assertion and Conditionals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.



Another Death in Venice: A Sir Patrick Scott Investigation. London: Constable, 1995.

Nobody Likes Letitia. London: Constable, 1994.

Avenging Angel. London: Constable, 1990; New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.


Early African-American Classics. (edited with an introduction) New York: Bantam, 1990.

Langston Hughes: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Amistad Literary Series. New York: Amistad Press, 1993.

Zora Neale Hurston: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Amistad Literary Series. New York: Amistad Press, 1993.

Toni Morrison: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Amistad Literary Series. New York: Amistad Press, 1993.

Gloria Naylor: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Amistad Literary Series. New York: Amistad Press, 1993.

Alice Walker: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Amistad Literary Series. New York: Amistad Press, 1993.

Richard Wright: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Amistad Literary Series. New York: Amistad Press, 1993.

Chinua Achebe: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Amistad Literary Series. New York: Amistad Press, 1993.

Ann Petry: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Amistad Literary Series. New York: Amistad Press, 1994.

Frederick Douglass: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Amistad Literary Series. New York: Amistad Press, 1994.

Identities. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1995.

A Dictionary of Global Culture. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. New York: Knopf, 1996.

Encarta Africana. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Redmond, Washington: Microsoft, 1999.

Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African-American Experience. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. New York: Basic-Civitas, 1999.

Encarta Africana 2000. Edited with H.L. Gates Jr. Redmond, Washington: Microsoft, 1999.

The Poetry of our World: An International Anthology of Contemporary Poetry Edited by Jeffrey Paine with Kwame Anthony Appiah, Sven Birkerts, Joseph Brodsky, Carolyn Forché, and Helen Vendler (Edited and introduced African section.) [New York] : HarperCollins Publishers, ©2000.


“Immigrants and Refugees: Individualism and the Moral Status of Strangers” Forthcoming in a volume on Michael Dummett for the Library of Living Philosophers.

“Understanding reparations: a preliminary reflection” Forthcoming in Cahiers d’ Etudes Africaine.

“How to Decide Between Concepts of the Person.” Forthcoming in African Philosophy. Lee Brown (ed.); New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

“Race and IQ.” In History and Philosophy of Science for African Undergraduates. Helen Lauer (ed.) Lagos: Hope Publishing, 2002.

Foreword to Paulin Hountondji The Struggle for Meaning. Translation of Combat pour le sens ( John Conteh-Morgan). Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Center for International Studies, 2002.

“États altérés,” Le Débat, 118, Janvier-Fevrier (2002) p. 18-33. (Translated by Pierre-Emmanuel Dauzat).

“The State and the Shaping of Identity.” The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, Vol. 23. Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah Press, 2002.

“Stereotypes and the Shaping of Identity.” In Prejudicial Appearances: The Logic of American Anti-Discrimination Law by Robert C. Post, with K. Anthony Appiah, Judith Butler, Thomas C. Grey, and Reva B. Siegel. Durham: Duke University Press, 2001. p. 55-71.

“Grounding Human Rights.” In Human Rights As Politics and Idolatry by Michael Ignatieff with commentaries by K. Anthony Appiah, David Hollinger, Thomas W. Laqueur and Diane F. Orentlicher, edited by Amy Gutmann. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001. p. 101-116.

“Philosophy and Literature.” Forthcoming in Companion to African Philosophy Kwasi Wiredu (ed.).

“Context in Political Philosophy.” In Explorations in African Political Thought : Identity, Community, Ethics. Teodros Kiros (ed.) with a preface by K. Anthony Appiah. New York: Routledge, 2001.

“African Identities.” Article15 in Race and Racism. Bernard Boxill (ed.). New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

“Cosmopolitan Reading.” In Cosmopolitan Geographies: New Locations in Literature and Culture. Vinay Dharwadker (ed.). New York: Routledge, 2001. p. 197-227.

“Liberty, Individuality and Identity.” Critical Inquiry 27.2 (Winter 2001) p.305-332.

Introduction to Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave & Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl Frederick Douglass and Harriet Jacobs. Modern Library Edition. New York: Random House, 2000. p. xi-xvi.

“The Right to Write,” In Free Speak The Namibian. ed. by Gwen Lister, (15th Anniversary magazine) Windhoek: The Free Press of Namibia, August 2000.

“Wereldburgers?” In Kosmopolitisme, ed. by Rob Rieman. Nexus Nummer 26, Tilburg: Nexus Institute, 2000) p. 59-85.

“African Literature: Old Voices and New” Correspondence: An International Review of Culture and Society, No. 6 (Spring/Summer 2000) p. 35-36.

“Aufklärung und Dialog der Kulturen,” In Zukunftsstreit, ed. by Wilhelm Krull. Weilerswist: Velbrück Wissenschaft, 2000. p.305-328.

“Preface” to Albert Memmi Racism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1999.

“Yambo Ouolouguem and the Meaning of Postcoloniality.” In Yambo Ouologuem: Postcolonial Writer, Islamic Militant. Christopher Wise (ed.) Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999. p.55-63.

“For Nurrudin Farah.” World Literature Today, 72:4 (Autumn 1998) p.703-705.

“Against National Culture.” English in Africa, 23:1 (May 1996) p.11-27.

“Reconstructing Racial Identities.” Research in African Literatures, 27:3 (Fall 1996) p.58-72.

“Afterword: How Shall We Live As Many?” In Beyond Pluralism: The Conception of Groups and Group Identities in America. Wendy Katkin, Ned Landsman and Andrea Tyree (eds.) Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1998. p.243-259.

“Old Gods, New Worlds.” In African Philosophy: A Classical Approach. Parker English and Kibujo M. Kalumba (eds.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1996. p.229-250.

“Ethnophilosophy and its Critics” In The African Philosophy Reader. P.H. Coetzee and A. J. P. Roux (eds.) London and New York: Routledge, 1998. p.109-130.

“Old Gods, New Worlds.” In The African Philosophy Reader. P.H. Coetzee and A. J. P. Roux (eds.) London and New York: Routledge, 1998. p.245-274.

“Naturalization in Theory and Practice: A Response to Charles Kesler.” In Immigration and Citizenship in the 21st Century: True Faith and Allegiance.

Noah M. Jedediah Pickus (ed.) New York: Rowman and Littlefield. p. 41-48.

“Foreword” to Saskia Sassen Globalization and its Discontents. New York: The New Press, 1998. p.xi-xv.

“Race, Pluralism and Afrocentricity” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 19 (Spring 1998) p.116-118.

“The Limits of Pluralism.” In Multiculturalism and American Democracy. Arthur M. Melzer, Jerry Weinberger and M. Richard Zinman (eds.). Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1998. p.37-54.

“Liberalism and the Plurality of Identity.” In Knowledge, Identity and Curriculum Transformation in Africa. N. Cloete, M.W. Makgoba and D. Ekong (eds.) Johannesburg: Maskew Miller Longman, 1997. p.79-99. Reprinted in Pretexts: Studies in Writing and Culture, 6:2 (Nov. 1987). p.213-22.

“South African English Lessons.” Venue: An International Literary Magazine, 1:1 1997. p.132-38.

“Cosmopolitan Patriots.” Critical Inquiry, 23 (Spring 1997) p. 617-39. Reprinted in Cosmopolitics: Thinking and Feeling beyond the Nation. Pheng Cheah & Bruce Robbins (eds.) p. 91-114. Translated as "Patriotas Cosmopolitas" by Antonio Sérgio Alfredo Guimarães in Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais. 13:36 (February 1998). p.79-94.

“What is African Art?” New York Review of Books. Vol. XLIV, No. 7 April 24, 1997 pp. 46-51. Reprinted as

“The Arts of Africa” in Ideas matter: Essays in Honour of Conor Cruise O’Brien. Richard English and Joseph Morrison Skelly (eds.) Dublin: Poolbeg, 1998. p.251-64.

“Preliminary Thoughts on Liberal Education.” New Political Science. 39:39 (Winter/Spring 1997) p.41-62. Reprinted in The Promise of Multiculturalism: Education and Autonomy in the 21st Century. George Katsiaficas and Teodros Kiros (eds.) New York and London: Routledge, 1998. p.34-55.

“Cosmopolitan Patriots.” In For Love of Country: Debating the Limits of Patriotism. Josh Cohen (ed.) Boston: Beacon Press, 1996. p.21-29.

“Only Connect: The Humanities in an Age of Information Overload.” In Gateways to Knowledge: The Role of Academic Libraries in Teaching, Learning, and Research. Larry Dowler (ed.) Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996. p.35-39.

“Eine Rasse ist eine Familie.” Excerpted and translated from Chapters 1 and 2 of In My Father's House by Bernhard Veitenheimer. In the exhibition catalog Family, Nation, Tribe Community SHIFT: Zeitgenössische künstlerische Konzepte im Haus der Kulturen der Welt. Berlin: Neue Gesellschaft für Bildende Kunst HGBK, 1996. p.133-137.

“Against National Culture.” In Text and Nation. Peter Pfeiffer and Laura Garcia-Moreno (eds.) Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1996. p.175-190.

“Race, Culture, Identity: Misunderstood Connections.” The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, No.17. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1996. p.51-136.

“Around the World in Family Ways.” (Italian Title: Il Giro Del Mondo in Famiglia.) Aspenia, Rivista Di Aspen Institute Italia, 2:3, (September 1996) p.44-57.

“Against National Culture.” English in Africa, 23:1, (May 1996) p.11-27.

“Identity: Political not Cultural.” In Field Work: Sites in Literary and Cultural Studies. Marjorie Garber, Rebecca L. Walkowitz, Paul B. Franklin (eds.) New York: Routledge, 1997. p.34-40.

“Introduction.” Part One: “Mass Media, Biography, and Cultural Media” in The Seductions of Biography. Mary Rhiel and David Suchoff (eds.) New York: Routledge, 1996. p.9-11.

“Why Africa? Why Art?” In the exhibition catalog Africa: The Art of a Continent. Tom Phillips (ed.) London: Royal Academy, 1995. p.21-26. Reprinted in The Royal Academy Magazine, 48 (Autumn 1995) p.40-41; and in the exhibition catalog Africa: The Art of a Continent: 100 Works of Power and Beauty. New York: The Guggenheim Museum, 1996.

“Philosophy and Necessary Questions.” in Readings in African Philosophy: An Akan Collection. Safro Kwame (ed.) Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1995. p.1-22.

“Culture, Subculture, Multiculturalism: Educational Consequences.” In Public Education in a Multicultural Society. Robert Fullenwider (ed.) New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. p.65-89.

“Script Reading.” In the exhibition catalog Worlds Envisioned: Alighiero e Boetti and Frédéric Bouabré Lynne Cooke and André Magnin, Curators; Lynne Cooke and Karen Kelly (eds.) New York: Dia Foundation for the Arts, 1995.

“Dal villagio allo Stato Mondo.” By Marina Astorlogo and Biancamaria Bruno, introduction by Maurizio Viroli. Piccole patrie, grande mondo. Milanin: I Libri di Reset, 1995. p.29-33.Translation of

“Loyalty to Humanity.” The Boston Review. Vol. XIX No. 5, October/November 1994.

“Geist Stories.” In Comparative Literature in the Age of Multiculturalism. Charlie Bernheimer (ed.) Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995. p.51-57.

“Identity Against Culture: Understandings of Multiculturalism.” Doreen B. Townsend Center Occasional Papers, 1: Avenali Lecture, Commentators: Jorge Klor de Alva, David Hollinger, Angela Harris. Berkeley: Doreen B. Townsend Center, 460 Stephens Hall, The University of California, Berkeley Calif., 1994.

“Ancestral Voices.” In Salmagundi, 104:5 [Fall 1994-Winter 1995?] p.88-100. Reprinted in The New Salmagundi Reader. Robert Boyers and Peggy Boyers (eds.) Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1996. p.122-34.

“Loyalty to Humanity.” The Boston Review. Reply to Martha Nussbaum's essay

“Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism.” Vol. XIX No. 5, October/November 1994 p. 10.

“Identity, Authenticity, Survival: Multicultural Societies and Social Reproduction.” In Multiculturalism: Examining "The Politics of Recognition." An essay by Charles Taylor, with commentary by Amy Gutmann (editor), K. Anthony Appiah, Jürgen Habermas, Steven C. Rockefeller, Michael Walzer, Susan Wolf. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994. p.149-164.

“Free Speech and the Aims of the University: Some Modest Proposals.” In An Ethical Education. ed. by Mortimer Sellers. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1995. p. 143-161.

“Multiculturalism and Elementary Education.” In The Challenge of Elementary Education: Shaping Common Values for Tomorrow's Pluralistic World. A symposium at Grace Church School. Privately published by: Grace Church School, 86 Fourth Avenue, New York, NY 10003, 1994.

“Myth, Literature and the African World.” In Wole Soyinka: An Appraisal. edited by Adewale Maja-Pearce. London: Heinemann, 1994. p.98-115.

“Preface” to Claude Sumner Classical Ethiopian Philosophy. Los Angeles: Adey Publishing Company, 1994. p. xi.

“Beyond Race: Fallacies of Reactive Afrocentrism.” In The Skeptic, 2:4 p. 104-7. (Revised version of

“Europe Upside Down: Fallacies of the new Afrocentrism.” Times Literary Supplement, February 12, 1993. p. 24-25.)

“Only Ifs.” In Philosophical Perspectives, 7: Language and Logic, 1993. Edited by James E. Tomberlin. Atascadero, Calif.: Ridgeview Publishing Company, 1993. p. 397-410.

“Thick Translation.” Callaloo, 16:4(Fall, 1993) p. 808-819. Special issue on “Post-Colonial Discourse” guest-edited by Tejumola Olaniyan.

“Foreword" for Art and Secret. In the exhibition catalog Secrecy: African Art that Conceals and Reveals. Mary H. Nooter (ed.). New York: Center for African Art, 1993.

“The Impact of African Studies on Philosophy.” With V. Y. Mudimbe. In The Impact of African Studies on the Disciplines. Edited by Robert Bates, V. Y. Mudimbe and Jean O'Barr. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1993. p.113-138.

“`No Bad Nigger': Blacks as the Ethical Principle in the Movies.” In Media Spectacles. Marjorie Garber, Jann Matlock, Rebecca Walkowitz (eds.). New York: Routledge, 1993.

“Object Lessons.” Voice Literary Supplement, 108 (September 1992) p. 11.

“African-American Philosophy?” Philosophical Forum. Vol. XXIV, Nos. 1-3 (Fall-Spring 1992-93) p.1-24. Reprinted in African-American Philosophical Perspectives and Philosophical Traditions, p. 11-34. John Pittman (ed.) New York: Routledge, 1997.

“African Identities.” In Constructions identitaires: questionnements théoriques et études de cas. Jean-Loup Amselle, Anthony Appiah, Shaka Bagayogo, Jean-Pierre Chrétien, Jocelyne Dakhlia, Ernest Gellner, Richard LaRue, Valentin-Yves Mudimbe, Jerzy Topolski, Fernande Saint-Martin sous la direction de Bogumil Jewsiewicki et Jocelyn Létourneau Actes du Célat No. 6, Mai 1992. CÉLAT, Université Laval, 1992.

“Thought Police.” Voice Literary Supplement, 103 (February 1992) p. 14.

“Out of Africa: Topologies of Nativism.” Revised from The Yale Journal of Criticism, 2.1, 1988 in The Bounds of Race. Dominic LaCapra (ed.) Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991. p. 134-163.

“Words on the Occasion of the Retirement of Hans Panofsky.” Passages, 2 (Late Fall, 1991) p. 4.

“Vital Signs.” Voice Literary Supplement, 99 (October 1991) Symposium on Postmodernism p. 18.

“Social Forces, `Natural' Kinds.” In Exploitation and Exclusion: Race and Class in Contemporary US Society. Abebe Zegeye, Leonard Harris and Julia Maxted (eds.) African Discourse series 3. Oxford: Hans Zell, 1992. p. 1-13.

“Introductory Essay.” Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. London: Everyman, 1992.

“Inventing an African Practice in Philosophy: Epistemological Issues.” In The Surreptitious Speech: Présence Africaine and the Politics of Otherness 1947-1987. V.Y. Mudimbe (ed.) (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1992) pp. 227-237.

“Soyinka's Myth of an African World.” In Crisscrossing Boundaries in African Literatures. Ken Harrow, Jonathan Ngaté and Clarisse Zimra (eds.) Washington, DC: Three Continents Press and the African Literature Association, 1991. p.11-24.

“Representations and Realism.” (Reply to Michael Devitt “Aberrations of the Realism Debate.”) Philosophical Studies, 61 (1991) p.65-74.

“Is the `Post' in `Postcolonial' the `Post' in `Postmodern?'” Critical Inquiry, 17 (Winter, 1991) p.336-357. Reprinted in Contemporary Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Padmini Mongia (ed.) New York, London, Sydney, Auckland: Arnold, 1996. p.55-71. And in Dangerous Liaisons: Gender, Nation, & Postcolonial Perspectives. Anne McClintock, Aamir Mufti, & Ella Shohat (eds.) Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997 p.420-444. Reprinted in Theory of the Novel. Michael McKeon (ed.) Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. p.882-899.

“Altered States.” The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. XV, No. 1 (1991) p.19-32.

“New Literatures, New Theory?” Mtatu 7 Canonization and Teaching of African Literatures. Raoul Granquist (ed.) Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi B.V., 1990. p.57-90.

“But would that still be me? Notes on gender, `race,' ethnicity as sources of identity.” The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. LXXXVII, No. 10 (October 1990) p.493-499. Reprinted in Race, Sex: Their Sameness, Difference and Interplay, Naomi Zack (ed.) New York: Routledge, 1997. p.75-81.

“Alexander Crummell and the Invention of Africa.” The Massachusetts Review, Vol. XXXI, No. 3 (Autumn, 1990) p.385-406.

“Tolerable Falsehoods: Agency and the Interests of Theory.” In Consequences of Theory. Barbara Johnson & Jonathan Arac (eds.) Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991 p.63-90.

“Racisms.” In Anatomy of Racism. David Goldberg (ed.) Minneapolis: Minnesota University Press, 1990. p.3-17. Reprinted in Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings. 3rd. ed. John Perry and Michael Bratman (eds.) New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

“The Institutionalization of Philosophy.” In Proceedings of the Mellon Fellows' Conference on Teaching. Bonnie S. McElhinny (ed.) Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, 29.iii.1990.

“Race.” In Critical Terms for Literary Study. Frank Lentricchia & Tom McLaughlin (eds.) Chicago University Press, 1989. p. 274-287. Excerpted in The Place of Thought in Writing. Van. E. Hillard and JuliAnna Smith (eds.) Needham Heights, MA: Simon and Schuster, 1995. p.384-386.

“The Conservation of `Race.'” Black American Literature Forum, 23, (Spring 1989) p.37-60.

“The Afro-American Novel Project: Finding, Databasing, and Analyzing Texts.” With Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Cynthia D. Bond. Literary Research, 13, (winter 1988,) p.31-38.

“Out of Africa: Topologies of Nativism.” The Yale Journal of Criticism, 2.1, (1988) p.153-178.

Reply to Cynthia Macdonald's review of Assertion and Conditionals. Philosophical Books, Vol. XXVIII No. 4 (October, 1987) p.199-205.

“Old Gods, New Worlds: Some Recent Work in the Philosophy of African Traditional Religion.” In Contemporary Philosophy: A New Survey, Vol. V, Guttorm Flo/istad (ed.) The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1987. p.207-234.

“`If' Again.” Analysis, 47, (1987) p. 193-199.

“Why Componentiality Fails: A Case Study.” Philosophical Topics, 15.1, (1987) p. 23-45.

“A Long Way From Home: Richard Wright in the Gold Coast.” In Richard Wright. Harold Bloom (ed.) New York: Chelsea House, Modern Critical Views, 1987. p. 173-190. Reprinted in Richard Wright: A Collection of Critical Essays. Arnold Rampersad (ed.) New York: Prentice Hall, New Century Views, 1994. p.188-201.

“Racism and Moral Pollution.” Philosophical Forum, Vol. XVIII, Nos. 2-3 (Winter-Spring, 1986-1987. p.185-202. Reprinted in Collective Responsibility: Five Decades of Debate in Theoretical and Applied Ethics. Larry May and Stacey Hoffman (eds.) New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 1991. p.219-238.

“The Uncompleted Argument: Du Bois and the Illusion of Race.” Critical Inquiry, 12, (Autumn 1985). Reprinted in

“Race,” Writing and Difference. Henry Louis Gates Jr. (ed.) Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1986. p.2137. And in Overcoming Racism and Sexism Linda A. Bell & David Blumenfeld (eds.) Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield, 1995. p.59-77.

“Are We Ethnic? The Theory and Practice of American Pluralism.” Black American Literature Forum, 20 (Spring-Summer 1986) p.209-224.

“Deconstruction and the Philosophy of Language.” Diacritics, Spring 1986, p. 49-64

“The Importance of Triviality.” Philosophical Review, 95 (April 1986) p. 209-231.

“Truth Conditions: A Causal Theory.” In Language, Mind and Logic, Thyssen Seminar Volume. Jeremy Butterfield (ed.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986. p.25-45.

“Verificationism and the Manifestations of Meaning.” Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume, 59 (1985) p. 17-31.

“Soyinka and the Philosophy of Culture.” In Philosophy in Africa: Trends and Perspectives. P.O. Bodunrin (ed.) Ile-Ife: University of Ife Press, 1985. p.250-263.

“Generalizing the Probabilistic Semantics of Conditionals.” Journal of Philosophical Logic, 13 (1985) p.351-372.

“An Argument Against Anti-realist Semantics.” Mind 93, (October 1984) p.559-565.

“Strictures on Structures: On Structuralism and African Fiction.” (Revised version of

“On structuralism and African fiction: an analytic critique.” Black American Literature Forum, 15 (Winter 1981). In Black Literature and Literary Theory Henry Louis Gates Jr. (ed.) London: Methuen, 1984. p.127-150.

“An Aesthetics for Adornment in some African Cultures.” In the catalogue of the exhibition Beauty by Design: The Aesthetics of African Adornment. New York: African-American Institute, (Fall 1984) p.15-19.

“Anti-realism Unrealized.” Philosophical Quarterly, 34 (April 1984)p.85-103.

“Jackson on the Material Conditional.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 62 (March 1984) p.77-81.

“Lewis on the Material Conditional.” International Logic Review, 14 (June 1983) p.28-36.

“Conversation and Conditionals.” Philosophical Quarterly, 32 (October 1982,) p.327-338.

“Structuralist Criticism and African fiction: an Analytic Critique.” Black American Literature Forum, 15. 4 (Winter 1981) p.165-174.


“African Philosophy.” In The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Edward Craig (ed.) London: Routledge, book and CD-ROM, 1998.

“African Ethical Systems.” In The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Edward Craig (ed.) London: Routledge, book and CD-ROM, 1998.

“African Traditional Religions.” In The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Edward Craig (ed.) London: Routledge, book and CD-ROM, 1998.

“Amílcar Cabral.” In The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Edward Craig (ed.) London: Routledge, book and CD-ROM, 1998.

“Frantz Fanon.” In The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Edward Craig (ed.) London: Routledge, book and CD-ROM, 1998.

“Pan-Africanism.” In The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Edward Craig (ed.) London: Routledge, book and CD-ROM, 1998.

“Philosophy and the Study of Africa.” The Encyclopedia of Sub-Saharan Africa. (Book and CD-ROM) New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998.

“Africa.” In Encyclopedia of Ethics. Lawrence C. Becker (ed.) New York: Garland, 1992. p.25-28.

“Anthropology.” In Encyclopedia of Ethics. Lawrence C. Becker (ed.) New York: Garland, 1992. p.48-9.


“Into the Woods” Review: Nelson Mandela’s Favorite African Folktales. Nelson Mandela (ed.) The New York Review of Books, December 18 2003, Vol. L No 20.

“History of Hatred” Review: Racism: A Short History b y George M. Fredrickson In The New York Times Book Review, August 4 2002 p.11-12.

“What Garland Knew” Review: The Emperor of Ocean Park by Stephen L. Carter The New York Review of Books, June 27 2002, Vol. XLIX No 11, p. 4-6.

“Chaps in Timbuktu” Review: Thomas Hodgkin: Letters from Africa 1947-1956. edited by Elizabeth Hodgkin and Michael Wolfers in Times Literary Supplement July 6, 2001 p.30.

“Equality of What?” The New York Review of Books, November 16 2000, Vol. XLVIII No. 7 p.63-68.

Review: The Mismeasure of Desire by Edward Stein. Journal of Homosexuality, 42.1, (200) p.151-163.

Review: Two Faces of Liberalism by John Gray. New York Times Book Review, October 29, 2000 p.26.

“Dancing with the Moon” The New York Review of Books, November 16 2000, Vol. XLVII No. 18 pp. 55-59.

“Battle of the Bien-Pensant” The New York Review of Books, April 27, 2000, Vol. XLVII No. 7 pp.42-44.

“Africa: The Hidden History” The New York Review of Books, December 17, 1998 Vol. XLV No. 20 p.64-72.

“Africans Before Americans” Review: Exchanging Our Country Marks by Michael A. Gomez. New York Times Book Review, May 10 1998 p.24.

“... Some Day” Review: A Country of Strangers by David Shipler. The New York Times Book Review, November 16 1997 p.11.

“The Multiculturalist Misunderstanding” The New York Review of Books, October 9, 1997 Vol. XLIV No. 15 p.30-36. Excerpted as

“The Multicultural Mistake” in The Utne Reader, 85 (January/February 1998) p.24-27.

“Mokélé-Mbembe, being the Faithful Account of a Hazardous Expedition to find the Living African Dinosaur” Review: Congo Journey by Redmond O'Hanlon. The London Review of Books, Vol. XIX No. 8 24 April 1997 p.19-21.

“Telling it like it is.” Review: Sexual Investigations by Alan Soble. Times Literary Supplement, June 20 1997 p. 5. (Reprinted in Australian Financial Review.)

Pagan's Father by Michael Arditti. BRIEFLY NOTED in The New Yorker, September 23, 1996.

“The Marrying Kind.” Review: Virtually Normal: An Argument About Homosexuality by Andrew Sullivan; and The Case for Same-Sex Marriage, by William N. Eskridge Jr. The New York Review of Books, Vol. XLIII No. 8 (June 20 1996) p. 48-52.

“The African World.” Review: The Black Diaspora, by Ronald Segal. Boston Globe, September 10, 1995, p.74.

Review: One by One from the Inside Out, by Glenn C. Loury. Wilson Quarterly, Vol. XIX No 3 (Summer 1995) p. 77-80.

“The Color of Money.” Review: Race and Culture by Thomas Sowell Transition 66, Summer 1995, pp. 66-90.

“Identity Crisis.” Review: The Black Album, by Hanif Kureishi. The New York Times Book Review, September, 17 1995 p. 42.

“Madmen and Specialists.” Review: Colonial Psychiatry and the `African Mind' by Jock McCulloch. The London Review of Books, Vol. XVII No. 17 (September 7 1995) p.16-17.

“How to Succeed in Business by Really Trying.” Review: Race and Culture, by Thomas Sowell. The New York Review of Books, Vol. XLII, No. 1. p. 29-33.

“The Hybrid Age?” Review: The Location of Culture, by Homi Bhabha. Times Literary Supplement, May 27, 1994 p. 5.

“A Black Man's Burden.” Review: W. E. B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, by David Levering Lewis. Boston Sunday Globe, November 7, 1993 p. B 15.

“Giving up the Perfect Diamond.” Review: The Holder of the World, by Bharati Mukherjee. The New York Times Book Review, October 10, 1993 p.7.

“Azaro and the Spirits.” Review: Songs of Enchantment, by Ben Okri. The Washington Post Book World, Vol. XXIII No. 40 p. 5, 13.

“The Lover Who Flew Solo.” Review: The Lives of Beryl Markham, by Errol Trzebinski. Washington Post Book World, August 29, 1993 p.5.

Review: Africa: Brothers and Sisters, by Virginia Kroll (Vanessa French, illustrator) and Joshua's Masai Mask by Dakari Hru (Anna Rich, illustrator). New York Times Book Review, September 5, 1993 p.17.

“Invisible Entities.” Review: Patterns of Thought in Africa and the West, by Robin Horton. Times Literary Supplement, July 2, 1993 p.7.

“The Art of Sympathy.” Review: African Laughter, by Doris Lessing. New Republic, June 28, 1993 p.30-37.

“Europe Upside Down: Fallacies of the new Afrocentrism.” Review: Behind the Eurocentric Veils: The Search for African Realities, by Clinton Jean. Times Literary Supplement, February 12, 1993 p. 24-25.

“Spiritual Realism.” Review: The Famished Road, by Ben Okri. The Nation, Vol. 255, No. 4. p.146-148. Reprinted in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Chicago: Gale Research, 1995.

“Poet Laureate of Africa.” Review: The Collected Poetry, by Léopold Sédar Senghor (translated and with an introduction by Melvin Dixon) The Washington Post Book World, Vol. XXII No. 27 p.2.

“Italian Days.” Review: The Uncle from Rome, by Joseph Caldwell. The Village Voice, June 30, 1992, p.67-68.

“Racism Today: Hard Data Versus the `Soft Facts' of Culture.” Review: Two Nations: Black and White, Separate, Hostile and Unequal, by Andrew Hacker; Rethinking Social Policy: Race, Poverty and the Underclass, by Christopher Jencks; and Race: How Blacks and Whites Feel about the American Obsession, by Studs Terkel. Christian Science Monitor, April 10 1992 p.10-11.

“Don't Touch That Dial.” Review: Cultural Imperialism, by John Tomlinson. Voice Literary Supplement, April 1992 p. 20.

“Where Home Once Was.” Review: Native Stranger, by Eddy Harris. The New York Times Book Review, March 22 1992 p.18.

“See Spot Run.” Review: Consciousness Explained, by Daniel Dennett. The Village Voice, November 26, 1991, p.77.

Review: Kwame Nkrumah: The Conakry Years, June Milne (ed.). Times Literary Supplement, July 12, 1991, p.8.

Review: Conditionals, by Frank Jackson. International Studies in Philosophy, p. 124-5.

“South Africa's Melting Pot.” Review: Umfaan's Heroes, by Jon Elkon. New York Times Book Review, September 30, 1990, p.30.

“A Prophetic Pragmatism.” Review: The American Evasion of Philosophy: A Genealogy of Pragmatism, by Cornel West. The Nation, April 9, 1990, p.496-498.

“Metaphys Ed.” Review: Contingency, Irony and Solidarity, by Richard Rorty. The Village Voice, September 19, 1989. p.55.

Review: Minimal Rationality, by Christopher Cherniak. Philosophical Review, 99 (January 1990) p.121-123.

“Thought in a time of famine.” Review: An Essay on African Philosophical Thought, by Kwame Gyekye, Times Literary Supplement, July 29-August 4 1988, p. 837.

Review: Calendriers d'Afrique Cahier 7 “Systèmes de Pensée en Afrique Noir”, Michel Cartry (ed.) International Journal of African Historical Studies, 20.4 (1987) p.761-762.

Review: Thoughts: An Essay on Content, Christopher Peacocke. Philosophical Review, 98 (January 1989) p.110-114.

Review: African philosophy: myth and reality, Paulin Hountondji. Queens Quarterly, (Winter 1985) p.873-874.

“Making the language theirs.” Review: African Short Stories, Chinua Achebe & C.L. Innes (eds.); and Modern African poetry, Gerald Moore & Ulli Beier (eds.) Third ed., New York Times Book Review, August 18 1985.

“Modernization and the mind.” Review: Philosophy and an African Culture, Kwasi Wiredu, Times Literary Supplement, June 20, 1980 p.697.

“`Over-bureaucracy' a major battle.” Review: The Economies of the Middle East, Rodney Wilson (ed.) Voice, 91, February 1980.

“Genes, clones, catastrophes.” Review: Recombinant DNA: Science, Ethics, Politics, John Richards (ed.) Quarto, Dec. 1979.

“What holds the Emirates together?” Review: The United Arab Emirates: Unity in Fragmentation, Ali Mohammed Khalifa, Voice, 92, April 1979.

“Mediaeval misunderstandings explained.” Review: The Arabs and Mediaeval Europe, Norman Daniel, Second ed., Voice, 90, No.2, 1979.

“Compassion amidst the web of violence.” Review: The Uprooted, Kanty Cooper, Voice, 88, September 1979.

“Bridging the gap in understanding Islam.” Review: The Muslim Mind, Charis Waddy, Voice, 88, September 1979.

“How not to do African philosophy.” Review: African Philosophy: An Introduction, Richard A. Wright, Universitas 6.2, 1979.


“Dialogue between Kwame Anthony Appiah and Robert S. Boynton on philosophy, race and sex.” Daedalus, 132.1 (Summer 2003) p.104-110.

“Is Race Real? How Does Identity Matter?” (Discussion with Danny Postel) Chronicle of Higher Education, Vol. 48, Issue 30 (5 April 2002), p.A10.

“Global Culture and its Discontents.” (Discussion with Michael Malone) In A Parliament of Minds, Michael Tobias, J. Patrick Fitzgerald, and David Rothenberg (eds.) Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2000.

“Straightening Out `The Bell Curve.'” (Discussion with Harriet A) Washington. Emerge, December/January 1995 p.28-32.

“Human Rights and Cultural Pluralism: Part I.” (Discussion with Harvey Cox, Christopher Queen, Arvind Sharma, Nur Yalman) Boston Research Center for the Twenty-First Century: Luncheon Seminar, University Place, Suite 450 South, 124 Mount Auburn Street, Cambridge MA 02138-5761. April 12, 1994.

“Race and Racism: American Dilemmas Revisited.” (Conversation with Orlando Patterson, Christopher Lasch, Dinesh D'Souza, Barbara Fields, Jim Sleeper, James Miller, Jean Elshtain, David Rieff, Michelle Moody-Adams, Norman Birnbaum, Ron Edsforth, Larry Nachman, Jim Adams, Gerald Early, Raymond Franklin, Terence Diggory, Lorrie Goldensohn, Gretchen Gerzina, Barry Goldensohn, Robert Boyers, Peggy Boyers) Salmagundi, 105.5 (Fall 1994-Winter 1995) p.3-155.

“Art Beat.” (A conversation with Adrian Piper) Voice Literary Supplement, October 1992. p.12.

“On the Gulf War.” Society for African Philosophy in North America Newsletter.

“An Evening with Wole Soyinka.” (Revised version of

“Easing the Transition: An Evening with Wole Soyinka.” The New Theater Review, 1.2, Summer 1987) Black American Literature Forum, 22.4, Winter 1988.

“Easing the Transition: An Evening with Wole Soyinka.” The New Theater Review, 1.2, Summer 1987.

“Interview with Achebe.” With John Ryle & D.A.N. Jones. Times Literary Supplement, February 26 1982, p.209.

“Assessing Risk.” With Tim Eiloart, Joan Miller, Claire Ryle, Isaac Levi & Tony Webb, Theoria to Theory, 14.2, 1980.

“Finding Mental Capacities in the Brain.” With Colin Blakemore & Nick Humphrey, Theoria to Theory, 11.1-2, 1977.

“But Where is the Fringe in Scientific Publishing?” With David Davies & Roger Woodham, (Editor and Deputy Editor of Nature) Theoria to Theory, 9.3, 1975.

“Conversation in the Fog at London Airport.” With Jacques Monod & Mark Fitzgeorge-Parker, Theoria to Theory, 9.2, 1975.

“Alternative Technology.” With Fritz Schumacher, Dorothy Emmett & Gordon Laing, Theoria to Theory, 9.1, 1975.

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